Versions two and three of the Nuclear Bomb Effects Computer were designed by the Lovelace Foundation. Version one was designed by EG & G.
The Lovelace Foundation was founded by William Lovelace II (1907–1965); an American physician who made contributions to aerospace medicine. By the beginning of the 1950s Lovelace was a major contractor to the United States government in the field of research into the effects of nuclear weapons.
Lovelace studied medicine at the Harvard Medical School and graduated in 1934. During World War II he served in the Air Force. He personally performed experiments in escape and the use of the parachute at high-altitude. On 24 June 1943 he bailed out of an aircraft flying at 40,200 feet. After the parachute opened he was knocked unconscious, and he suffered frostbite when his gloves were ripped off. For this test he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
In 1947 he helped establish the Lovelace Medical Foundation in Albuquerque, and became the chairman of the Board of Governors. He used this clinic to promote the development of medical aerospace technology.
In 1958 he was appointed the chairman of the NASA Special Advisory Committee on Life Science. As head of NASA’s Life Sciences, he would then play a key role in the selection of the astronauts chosen for the Mercury program missions. In 1964 he was appointed NASA’s Director of Space Medicine.
The Nuclear Bomb Effects Computer V3
This is easily the most complex cold war calculator I have seen. It was designed by The Lovelace Foundation for the Civil Effects Test Operations AEC-Biology And Medicine and produced by J.B. Carroll Company of Chicago.
The design was based on data from the 1962 edition of “The Effects of Nuclear Weapons”. The original edition was published in 1957 and based on data collected during the Nevada tests, including Operation Teapot [fourteen nuclear test explosions conducted at the Nevada Test Site in the first half of 1955]. The first edition only included data on weapons in the kiloton range. A revised edition appeared in 1962 and was reprinted in 1964. These later editions incorporated data from the Pacific tests using weapons in the megaton range. The book was published by the United States Atomic Energy Commission and sold for $3 [in 1964]. The calculator was sold separately for $1. My copy of the book came with the 5″ diameter calculator tucked into a pocket in the back cover.
For more posts about Cold War calculators click on the Cold War Calculators category on the right. See my post on V2 and a post which shows all three versions.